There are multiple conditions that could lead to pelvic pain. While some are common and non-threatening, others are more serious and require further medical attention:
- Uterine fibroids:Muscular tumors that grow in the uterus’ wall, these fibroids are almost always benign (noncancerous), but can cause symptoms such as pelvic pain or heavy bleeding.
- Vulvodynia: The vulva – the exterior female genitals – can be subjected to chronic pain, occurring spontaneously.
- Painful ovulation: When a woman ovulates, usually midway between menstrual cycles, her ovarian wall can become very irritated. In some instances, this pain is followed by some nausea, and/or discharge.
- Adenomyosis: Common in middle-aged women, adenomyosis occurs when the inner lining of the uterus breaks through its muscle wall.
- Menstrual cramps: Characterized as contractions in the uterus, a woman can experience cramping in her lower back or abdomen at any time during her menstrual cycle. She can also experience the same type of cramping due to a disorder in the woman’s reproductive organs.
- Ectopic pregnancy: A normal pregnancy occurs with the release of an ovary’s egg into a woman’s fallopian tubes. After the egg and sperm meet, the newly fertilized egg then travels to the uterus, attaching itself to the lining where it grows for the next nine months. One out of 50 pregnancies is ectopic, meaning the fertilized egg stays in the fallopian tube.
- Endometriosis: When tissue that is similar to the uterus’ lining (endometrium) is found outside the uterus on other parts of the body, endometriosis occurs. Endometriosis can attach to any other reproductive organs.
- Ovarian Cancer: This common form of cancer occurs when abnormal malignant (cancerous) cells grow in one or both of a woman’s ovaries.
For women, pelvic pain is not something to be taken lightly. If you are experiencing any variation of discomfort, our dedicated staff of obstetrician-gynecologists at Women First Health Center encourage you to request an appointment using the contact form, or reach us at 1 (973) 669-5711.