Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a ubiquitous virus found in the human population. More than 3 million people in the United States contract HPV each year. HPV is spread through direct contact from skin-to-skin of the genitals through vaginal, oral, and anal sex. HPV can cause genital warts or unfortunately, changes in cell structure that can become cancer.
It is believed that 80% of sexually active Americans have been infected with HPV at least once in their lives, but many do not know that they have the virus.
There are over a hundred HPV types; some of which are highly associated with cervical dysplasia. Cervical dysplasia, if left untreated, may progress into cervical cancer. Cervical dysplasia is detected through pap smears; therefore it is important to have regular gynecological exams to ensure you are healthy. STDs such as HPV can lead to serious complications.