A woman’s ovaries are defined as reproductive organs, where her eggs mature and release. It’s extremely common for a woman to have ovarian cysts – sacs located in the ovary that contain fluid – especially during prime childbearing years, between the ages of 20 and 35. While there are cysts that are not dangerous, Women First Health Center takes precaution to treat ovarian cysts seriously. Our skilled OB-GYNs may diagnose an ovarian cyst at a routine visit – during a pelvic exam, or with the aid of ultrasound. Once confirmed and disclosed that a patient has an ovarian cyst, further steps will be taken in order to ensure that the matter is taken care of accordingly.
Types of Benign Ovarian Cysts
There are a few different types of ovarian cysts that may be detected during your visit:
- Follicular cyst: Normal cysts that typically last between one to three months, these occur when follicles do not break open to release the egg during a woman’s menstrual cycle.
- Polycystic ovarian cyst: Occurring in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, these cysts form when the follicles, where eggs normally mature, fail to open.
- Endometriosis cyst: Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, in other areas of the body. An endometriosis cyst forms when the tissue lining grows inside the ovaries.
- Cystadenomas cyst: These fluid-filled cysts form out of cells on the ovary’s surface, and have the potential to grow even larger.
- Dermoid cyst: Cysts that are formed from cells that are present at birth, including the similar tissue that creates our skin, hair and teeth. (mature cystic teratoma)
Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
The majority of ovarian cysts don’t cause any signs or symptoms – which is one of the main reasons it is so important to receive a routine checkup from your OB-GYN. However, in some cases – depending on the severity, number, and type you have – indicators of ovarian cysts can include:
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal bloating
- Lower back ache
- Weight gain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Painful or frequent urination
- Painful menstruation
- Abnormal bleeding
Even if a patient has a milder ovarian cyst – with or without symptoms – it can still result in a problem if the cyst twists, breaks or bleeds. Because of these risks, it’s crucial to return to the office periodically (typically in three months) so that the OB-GYN can check on the status of the cyst.
If you think you might have an ovarian cyst, call 973-669-5711 to schedule an appointment with our dedicated staff at Women First Health Center today.