How to Determine and Take Care of Infectious Diseases
When organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites are present inside of a woman’s body, they have the ability to cause an infectious disease. These diseases are spread in a variety of ways – be it person to person, environmental exposure, or through tainted food and water. While some infectious diseases come and go, others pose a more dangerous threat, and can even lead to serious complications. For this reason, we have a strong focus on diagnosing and treating infectious diseases, as related to women’s health care.
Best Diagnosis Practices
Sometimes, when a patient comes into our office for their annual gynecology exam, our physicians take note of certain signs and symptoms that are characteristic of an infectious disease. These include, but are not limited to, vaginal discharge, irregular bleeding, pain, fever, or skin lesions. If the physician feels that it is necessary, he/she will further diagnose a disease through a series of laboratory tests. These lab tests could be blood tests, swabs, urine analysis, or skin biopsies. These methods typically yield fast and accurate results.
Methods of Treatment
The types of infectious diseases we find in our patients through our gynecological practices are categorized as sexually transmitted infections (STI). While the best method of treatment is preventative behavior – for example, using a condom during sex, we are prepared to provide an array of medicinal treatments for STIs. Antibiotics are usually given to combat bacterial infections. Viral infections, such as the sexually transmitted, hepatits B and C, and HIV would need further management with an infectious disease specialist. Antiviral medication is used to control symptoms of herpes.
If some infectious diseases are not cured or treated properly, they can turn into life-threatening diseases. As mentioned, the types of infectious diseases we often diagnose and treat in our office include those that are sexually transmitted – a few of which have been known to cause an increased risk of cancer. Since human papillomavirus has been associated with cervical cancer, our patients who have been diagnosed with HPV have pap smear examinations to closely monitor any internal changes or signs of cancer forming. Gonorrhea and chlamydia if left untreated can lead to infertility.
If you have any of the symptoms relating to an infectious disease, please contact our office immediately so we can properly diagnose and treat it accordingly.